Educational Systems in Canada

Educational Systems in Canada

Universities and Colleges

Study in Canada in undergraduate courses like various diplomas and bachelor’s will usually depend between two to four years. It highly depends on the university, the course and the format of the delivery. Some curriculum is delivered in-class, online or both.  The post-secondary education institutions in Canada consists of universities, colleges or applied art schools or applied science schools.

Universities mainly carry out research and have courses in undergraduate as well as graduate courses and could be private organizations or funded by the provincial governments. Universities (apart from some exceptions) are the only organizations that could issue degrees. Community colleges provide shorter courses which are, and graduates could be absorbed by the labour market afterwards. Colleges are also either private or funded by the provincial governments. Colleges do not issue degrees, but they issue diplomas and certificates instead. The college courses usually have apprenticeship training, language training and skills upgrading.

Provincial Educational Systems

Since the provincial governments supervise the education matter, every province has its approach to this matter, and there are differences in the educational systems. Below chart shows the Canadian educational systems.

Please click on the picture for the higher resolution version.

As provincial governments manage primary, secondary and post-secondary education in Canada, there are slight differences in how training is carried out. Quebec, in particular, is markedly different from the rest of Canada, with varying times of term and length of study. Quebec province lets students leave high school as early as after the second year and pursue their vocational or technical pathways. Students in Quebec can go to one of four different professional/technical schools, or after finishing high school, choose between three types of colleges to be able to select university afterward.

There are also many vocational, technical, and apprenticeship courses that are designed for high school graduates to use for the fastest and quickest entry path to the labour market. These courses are usually between 1 to 3 years. However, there are exceptions based on the province and the educational institution.

It is going to be more complicated to know that even though each province designs its framework for primary and secondary education, but different school boards in each region are responsible for the execution of such structures. Hence it is not unusual that the contents and details of teaching vary from one municipality to another one.

Educational Systems in Canada

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